AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by a virus called HIV
(Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness alters the immune system,
making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. This
susceptibility worsens as the disease progresses.
HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person (semen and vaginal
fluids, blood and breast milk). The virus is passed from one person to
another through blood-to-blood and sexual contact. In addition, infected
pregnant women can pass HIV to their babies during pregnancy,
delivering the baby during childbirth, and through breast feeding.
HIV can be transmitted in many ways, such as vaginal, oral sex, anal
sex, blood transfusion, and contaminated hypodermic needles.
Both the virus and the disease are often referred to together as HIV/AIDS.
People with HIV have what is called HIV infection. As a result, some
will then develop AIDS. The development of numerous opportunistic
infections in an AIDS patient can ultimately lead to death.
According to research, the origins of HIV date back to the late
nineteenth or early twentieth century in west-central Africa. AIDS and
its cause, HIV, were first identified and recognized in the early 1980s.
There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS. Treatments can slow the course
of the disease - some infected people can live a long and relatively