THE BENEFITS OF SUNLIGHT TO OUR HEALTH
While it is wise to avoid burning or excess tanning from solar or indoor ultraviolet radiation (UVR), it should be realized that solar UVB radiation (290-315 nm) is the primary source of vitamin D for most Americans and Europeans. Dietary sources are inadequate and supplements have to be used carefully.
Mid-day summer sun is the best source of UVB, since minimal exposure times are required, and the UVB to UVA (315-400 nm) ratio is highest. If using sunscreen, it might be advisable to go into the sun for 10-15 minutes without sunscreen to generate a day's worth of vitamin D.
As for melanoma and other skin cancer, several points should be made. First, while UVR generates free radicals that can do some of the damage, dietary antioxidants and skin pigmentation are nature's way of fighting free radicals. Diets high in antioxidants and low in fats and alcohol can reduce the risk of melanoma by about 50%. Smoking is also a risk factor for non-melanoma skin cancer. Second, occupational exposure to UVR is associated with reduced risk of melanoma
The health benefits of UVB through production of vitamin D are considerable, with more benefits being recognized at a rapid pace. My work indicates that over 20,000 Americans die prematurely annually from insufficient UVB/vitamin D. I also estimate that half of those with multiple sclerosis in the U.S. would not have MS if they had as much UVB exposure as those living in the southern states.
Sunlight indeed has many benefits. Yet, people nowadays are more reluctant about exposing their selves under the heat of the sun because of the harmful effects that it could bring. But without a doubt, no one could ever deny the fact about the positive benefits of sunlight in our health and body.